The Relationship of The Causes of Pandemic Diseases with Animals Consumption: Observation Studies Based on Halal Standards in Islamic Law
Humans have been facing confusion in determining the type of animal to become a daily consumption. Many research has proven the link between animals and the onset of disease. This research aims to find the relationship between the pandemic diseases and animals via analyses based on Islamic law. The study utilised qualitative methodology as the main framework. Secondary data have been collected which are related to the record of disease emergence from animal consumption and halal principles literature. Findings show that mostly animals that spread diseases illegal or prohibited to consume in Islam, e.g., pigs, bats, and pangolins. In Islam, principles of halal principles are used in controlling food choices. These principles are built on the basis that all things consumed in the human body must be allowed by the Quran and hadith, clean, permissible, and safe. Therefore, Islam has laid down some conditions in related to the animal consumption. Findings also proved the relationship between the cause of the pandemic disease and prohibited animals based on halal principles. Halal principles can be concluded as a comprehensive instrument compromising the Islamic law in food consumption and recent human necessities. This study suggests for more research be conducted in exploring the impact of halal principles towards human consumption of food in avoiding diseases.
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