Impact of Bauxite Mining on Groundwater in the Dabiss Mining Area
The Prefecture of Boké has become a mining site where several extractive companies compete in the exploitation of bauxite. All the sub-prefectures carrying bauxite plateaus are affected, particularly Dabiss . The objective of this research is to study the impact of bauxite mining on groundwater in the mining area of Dabiss Sub-Prefecture of Boké. To achieve the objective, a comparative study of the physico-chemical parameters of groundwater with the WHO standard was carried out. The vulnerability of groundwater pollution by mining activities was studied by applying the standard DRASTIC method coupled with a geographic information system (GIS). The water samples analyzed show that the majority of groundwater in the study area is acidic. In the aquifer, by neighborhood, a balance is established between the chemical composition of the water and that of the rocks. The water takes on a mineralization that remains stable over time. In our case, the acidity of these waters is explained by an in situ phenomenon. At the edge of the sea, the aquifers can be contaminated with sea water at the level of the salt bevel, the water in the aquifer becomes more or less brackish. This is the case of wells No. PF7 and PF11 located near the arm of the sea. They have water of high salinity. In all the samples analyzed, it appears that the groundwater pollution in the study area is of in-situ origin. By applying the DRASTIC method, we established the vulnerability map, showing the low vulnerability index. The results of this study could prevent diseases related to the consumption of water contaminated by bauxite mining and will serve as a reference document in other mining areas.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.