Risks Associated with Further use of Stadiums Built for the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia


Pavel Smolyanov
Academy of Engineering, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia
Olga Suslova
Moscow institute of Architecture, Moscow, Russia


Many sports projects, such as the construction of multifunctional sports complexes, have been carried out in Russia in the past few years. The stadiums built for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, designed for world-class football matches, athlete training, sports, and sports cultural events, turned out to be the largest and most iconic facilities. Each stadium has been designed, taking into account individual regional features. Technical complexity gives a shape-forming effect and allows creating an expressive architectural appearance. All the cities (11 cities of the Russian Federation) were not chosen by chance – they are the largest cities in Russia with a rich history, their original architectural style.

April 12, 2020