Chapter 1: Introduction


Islam Uddin
Department of Applied Sciences & Humanities Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Jamia Millia Islamia


Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a II–VI compound semiconductor with a wide direct band-gap of 3.3 eV and a hexagonal structure. ZnO is often used in the paint, paper, rubber, food and drug industries. It is also a promising material in nanotechnology applications, for example in nano-electronics and nano-robotic technology. With its wide band-gap, high exciton binding energy and high breakdown strength, ZnO can be utilized for electronic and photonic devices, as well as for high-frequency applications. To produce such optoelectronic devices, control of electronic properties, such as the nature of conduction and carrier density, is required.

August 23, 2019