Preserving. Architectural Heritage within the International Covenants and its Reflection in the Libyan Case
The architectural and archeological heritage are exposed to many damage factors that differ in terms of origin; act of nature, others because of the human works and the most serious infringements represented in the wrong and not well studied restoration process. In the case of Libya; despite the historical and artistic diversity of its architectural heritage the preservation of which remains outside the priorities of legislators, which has led to cause various damage factors. In particular, the erroneous and misguided restoration processes, to distort many important architectural monuments which stood witness to many historical periods. The purpose of this research is to emphasize that the international conventions of conservation are generate constitution of achieving their preservation and the importance of issuing a Libyan Charter that regulates the processes of architectural heritage in Libya according to the specificity of each case . This will be done through of a previous restoration study carried out on a single building at Leptis-magna for ensuring its valuation within parameters of international conventions. Furthermore, the same situation should highlight on the distortion due to the miss-performed conservation processes. To sum up, the study tried to ensure the priority of the conservation operations that were done according to the international conventions, and highlighted the failure of other operations that were done neither scientifically nor well-prepared. Therefore, this problematic issue was reflected negatively on the origins and value of the undertaken case study. In addition, the study highly recommended that the Libyan local authority should establish its own Libyan charter to deal with every individual restoration case with its specialty. The study also insisted that Libyan authority should establish a specific law(s) and penalties that should deal to stop later similar operations.
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