A Review on Supply Chain Risk and Behavioural Factors in Humanitarian Relief Operations Responding to Disasters
Catastrophe management strives to minimize or prevent possible losses from hazards, ensure appropriate and timely aid for disaster victims, and accomplish fast and efficient recovery. Both supply chain management and its use in disaster assistance have been well studied. Even with the implementation of lean, just-in-time, and zero-inventory practices, traditional supply chain management has been unable to adapt to these disturbances due to its limited focus on cost reduction for stable operations. The purpose of this literature review is to provide strategies for improving humanitarian supply chain support operations in the face of a wide range of disasters. The analysis shows that the humanitarian organization has several difficulties and constraints when it provides aid to the victims. Disasters like earthquakes, floods, and COVID-19 often have a greater impact because of inadequate living conditions and building regulations. Disaster assistance requires a wide range of resources, including rescue operations, medical aid, food, housing, and long-term relief initiatives. The effectiveness of any relief attempt is highly contingent on how quickly supplies can be supplied. When it comes to a disaster relief operation, the kind and scope of the demand, along with the timing and location of the event, are all unpredictable. Subsequently, the study examines the risk obstacles to supplying essential resources to the impacted area. The survey study also discusses the use of agile and lean technologies for humanitarian and logistical management in the areas of cost and product delivery. This develops superior operational performance techniques for pre- and post-disaster phases. According to the study’s findings, stakeholders should pay close attention to the logistical, operational, and material concerns in the management of the humanitarian supply chain.
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