Clean Development Mechanism Approach to Family Welfare Movement (PKK) for Supporting KOTAKU Program at Klitren Village, Yogyakarta
KOTAKU, or City Without Slum areas, is a nationwide initiative carried out in a number of Indonesian provinces where it is believed that there are slum areas where residents live in substandard conditions. The goals of KOTAKU are for 100% of people to have access to drinking water, 0% to slum areas, and 100% access to good sanitation. Klitren village, one of the villages in Yogyakarta city, was identified as the project's target since it has decent access to sanitation, some slum areas, and limited access to drinking water. KOTAKU was supported by the ESD program, which educated and empowered women who are active agents of change in the Family Welfare Movement. (PKK). They provide a number of programs on Family Empowerment and a Clean and Healthy Lifestyle (PHBS). As a result, since they were conducted in the same target groups, ESD programs were supported and synergized with PKK initiatives. ESD activities, such as Training of Trainers, were offered to prominent/core members of the PKK at the village level. Afterward, they could serve as supervisors, mentors, and facilitators for women at all village levels. Some constraints remained in conducting a healthy and positive environment, such as lousy waste management, including a waste bank, the wrong mindset on garbage, inadequate knowledge of a healthy and clean environment in a highly populated area, no communal hygiene facility (septic tank), and the behavior to use the river as dumping ground. These issues were resolved by the community through extensive communication and collaborative approaches. Women had an important role since they held monthly gatherings for education and discussion. KOTAKU could be implemented in this village. However, certain adjustments are needed to meet program objectives. The walkways were repaired, and a paving block was installed in their place. Several houses were resettled three meters from the river, where they were also cleaned and reconstructed to increase the flow and prevent flooding when it rained.
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