Role of Appropriate Technology on Agricultural Development in Asia
The increase in the world's population has increased the demand for food needs. Increasing agricultural and processed products is very important to offset the rise in food demand. Appropriate technology application in the agricultural sector has become essential to ensure a significant increase in agricultural products. As found in Asia regions, appropriate technology was applied to crop production, postharvest handling, and raw agricultural product processing. Low-cost technology was suitable for agricultural development in the Asian region, particularly in developing countries. The use of appropriate technology has increased food production and minimized environmental damage. Hence sustainable agriculture can be realized. This study highlights the role of appropriate technology for food production and processing in the Asian region by using bibliometric analysis. Some case studies from the authors and other sources were reviewed. The study results showed that applying appropriate technology in the agricultural sector has been proven to improve agricultural development, especially in agricultural production and the processing of raw agricultural products. Using the right technology increases the efficiency of the product price and improves the quality of processed products. The type of technology used was determined based on the local community’s needs. Appropriate technology must be affordable and easy to design using local materials. The involvement of various parties, such as the government, the private sector, and universities, in providing funding, technology, and assistance is essential in successfully applying appropriate technology.
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