Development and Institutionalization of Community Education for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Small Island Areas Based on Local Wisdom in North Tabukan, Sangihe Regency Islands
Small islands in Indonesia are vulnerable to disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, and landslides, one of which is the Sangihe Islands. This condition is exacerbated by climate change that is occurring and has an impact on people’s economic activities, especially in the agricultural and fisheries sectors. Climate change also affects the availability of natural resources, making them unstable and vulnerable. The activities for developing and empowering adaptation and mitigation strategies in Sangihe Islands Regency aim to overcome climate change problems through developing educational models, empowerment, community capacity, and development of the disaster task force and ProKlim. This activity uses multi-actor and multi-sector collaboration methods with a participatory and persuasive bottom-up approach adapted to local wisdom. The activity was carried out in stages: developing the E-MISI learning model, developing a policy brief, institutionalizing the disaster and ProKlim task force, increasing institutional capacity, and evaluating the learning model through FGDs. The results of the activities show that 75% - 80% of the task force already know about the impacts of climate change, adaptation, mitigation actions, and the role and resolution of the task force. The ProKlim task force’s capacity also increased by 40–50% over its last activity in 2021. It is necessary to develop education for the broader community by internalizing an educational model for climate change adaptation and mitigation into formal and informal education to achieve community resilience towards climate change in small islands.
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