Land Acquisition Impact for The Yogyakarta-Bawen Toll Project on Food Security of the Community of Pakuden Village, Ngluwar, Magelang, Central Java
Magelang Regency is one of the most affected areas by land acquisition due to the Yogyakarta-Bawen Toll Road construction project. One of the villages affected by land acquisition is Pakunden Village, Ngluwar District, Magelang Regency, Central Java. Two hundred thirty plots of community land, dominated by rice fields, must be converted due to the construction of a 75,82 km toll road that crosses two provinces (Yogyakarta Special Region to Central Java). The conversion of rice fields has both negative and positive impacts on the community, especially in the provision of agricultural land, which results in the loss of employment opportunities for farming and reduces food availability for the community. This study aims to describe the impact of land acquisition on the Yogyakarta-Bawen Toll Road project on the food security of the Pakunden Village, Ngluwar, Magelang, Central Java community. Data were collected using in-depth interviews with informants from the government and villagers affected by the acquisition of rice fields to support the construction of the Yogyakarta-Bawen-Toll Road. Residents' land acquisition for the toll road project involves at least 90% of rice fields. The community of Pakunden Village responded positively to their agricultural land acquisition program for the toll road construction. This shows the low income of residents from the management of rice fields compared to the expected income from businesses in the non-agricultural sector due to the construction of the toll road. Agricultural land has a substantial and strategic role in increasing food security. The existence of the Yogyakarta-Bawen toll road construction project causes the projected availability of rice commodities to decline. However, it does not negatively impact food access and utilization as other aspects that affect food security do.
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