Optimization of the Cultivation of ‘Sleman’ Longan Cultivar and Local Klanceng Bees by Applying Appropriate Techniques and Technology Integrated Agricultural Systems (SIMANTRI) to Strengthen the Economic Resilience of the Hargowilis Farmers Group
Hargowilis Village is located in Kokap Sub-district, Kulon Progo, on the westernmost side of the Special Region of Yogyakarta, where most people work as horticultural crop farmers. One of the cultivation objects developed by the community is local longan which is the result of downstream research products from the Laboratory of Genetics and Breeding, Faculty of Biology, UGM. The downstream program encourages people to pioneer longan cultivation to raise the community's economic level. However, there are obstacles, such as slow growth and flowering, so further optimization is needed. The Community Partnership Program of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology aims to solve the problem by initiating an integrated agricultural system (SIMANTRI). The SIMANTRI concept can be a solution to optimize longan cultivation through efforts to increase pollination effectiveness by applying stingless bee pollinators. The implementation of the program is carried out through counseling, practical training, and periodic mentoring. Community service is carried out by delivering knowledge about; non-productive soil management, induction of flowering hormones, post-anthesis longan treatment technology, rest time management, pest control technology, Klanceng box technology, colony transfer and maintenance techniques, education system techniques for colony propagation, product harvesting and packaging techniques, feed source vegetation, and trap system. The results of the service showed an increase in the knowledge and ability of Hargowilis villagers to cultivate longan Sleman and Klanceng varieties in an integrated farming system. Through knowledge transfer, we hope the community can improve its economic quality through agricultural products and other alternative products.
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