Effect of Resistance Exercises versus Aerobic Exercises on Exercise Performance and Pulmonary Function in Adult Chronic Smokers: A Comparative Study
Introduction: Cigarette smoking is the major cause of premature death. It accounts for 28% of all cardio vascular diseases and 40% of respiratory diseases as it is associated with impaired pulmonary function. Exercise is an effective and low cost of treatment which can promote good health of a smoker. Research indicates that individuals who maintain an exercise program are more likely to give up smoking than those who quit exercising.
Methodology: 150 subjects were included in the study and divided into two groups Group A (resistance exercises) and Group B(Walking). The exercises protocol was given for six weeks. pre post PEFR and VO2 max was calculated.
Results: both the groups showed improvement post intervention (p<0.05) whereas resistance group showed better improvement than the walking group(p<0.05).
Conclusion: Aerobic and Resistance exercises both showed significant improvement in PEFR and VO2 max in smokers, however the resistance exercises showed better improvement in the cardiovascular and pulmonary function.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.