Social Network Analysis of COVID-19 Sentiments Using Machine Learning
Background: COVID-19 is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a novel human pathogen that virologists believe emerged from bats and eventually jumped to humans via an intermediary host . On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a pandemic . By June 23, the WHO reported 8,993,659 confirmed COVID-19 cases globally, and 469,587 deaths .
Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze discussions on Twitter related to COVID-19 and to investigate the sentiments toward COVID-19.
Methodology: This study to using applied python to analyze data collected from Twitter. Using tweets originating exclusively in the United States and written in English during the 1-month period from March 20 to April 19, 2020, the study examined COVID-19related discussions. Geographic analysis of the tweets was also conducted.
Result and Discussion: Out of 902,138 tweets analyzed, sentiment analysis classified 434,254 (48.2%) tweets as having a positive sentiment, 187,042 (20.7%) as neutral, and 280,842 (31.1%) as negative. Topic modeling identified 5 salient topics that dominated Twitter discussions of COVID-19 and each of the 5 topics was labeled with a theme: health care environment , emotional support, business economy, social change, and psychological stress.
Conclusion and Future Work: This study identified 5 prevalent themes of COVID-19 discussion with sentiments ranging from positive to negative. These themes and sentiments can clarify the public’s response to COVID-19 and help officials navigate the pandemic.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.