A Review on Residual Life Assessment of Plain and Reinforced Concrete Members
Under fatigue loading, concrete like quasi-brittle materials exhibit softening behaviour since an inelastic zone will be formed in front of the crack tip called the fracture process zone (FPZ). There are various toughening mechanisms that exhibiting in this region. Current design practices for reinforced concrete assumes a zero tensile strength for concrete which is actually overly conservative. In fact, concrete can bear significant tensile stress and strain. Therefore, the tension softening response of RC member should consider in the study. Under fatigue loading, strength and stiffness decrease progressively according to the maximum amplitude and the number of cycles of loading. Fracture plays an important role in failure of normally and lightly reinforced beam. Since FPZ mechanisms and fibre bridging action resist crack propagation, we have to consider these mechanisms while assessing remaining life of RC member. Fatigue failure occurs when applied load is much less than the moment capacity. Such structures susceptible to fatigue load need to be monitored and residual life is to be predicted. This paper is presenting a review on the residual strength assessment on plain and reinforced concrete. The review includes the influence of various tension-softening models in predicting the residual life of plain and reinforced concrete. A comparative study is also conducted in order to assess the residual life by considering various tension softening laws.
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