Impact of copper stress on environmental bacteria Shewanella oneidensis
Although copper-proteins are vital for the health of living organisms, free copper in the cell is highly toxic as it generates reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are known to have damaging effects on all cellular macromolecules. The study of microorganisms that can be continuously stressed in their natural habitats is expected to give access to new resistant pathways. Here we describe the effect of copper on environmental bacteria, Shewanella oneidensisand the potential role of Hsp33, a molecular chaperone under copper stress. Comparison of W. T and Δhsp33 showed a significant difference where the wild type survived better than the mutant at 38°C.Complementation of Δhsp33 with the expression in trans of hsp33 lead to a better survival. In presence of copper a slight difference between the two strains could be observed in vivo. In vitro we could clearly show that copper induces S.oneidensis proteins aggregation on a model protein (citrate synthase) as well as on several proteins using cellular extract. Some aggregation was prevented in presence of Hsp33 which allow us to demonstrate that, at least in vitro; Hsp33 is able to prevent copper induced aggregation of several client proteins. This study highlights a potential role played by molecular chaperones upon metal stress. Targeted proteins need to be clearly identified and the mechanism further studied.
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