Screening and Optimization of pesticide degrading bacteria from tomato field of Telangana region
Pesticide fate in the environment is affected by microbial activity. Some pesticides are readily degraded by microorganisms and others have proven to be recalcitrant. A diverse group of bacteria, including members of the genera Alcaligenes, Flavobacterium, Pseudomonas and Rhodococcus can degrade pesticides (Aislabie and lioyd-jones1995). Enzymes produced by Flavobacterium degrade Coumaphos(kills insect pests of livestock) and Achromobacter produce enzymes that degrade Carbofuran (controls corn rootworm) and other crop insects (Jeffrey Karns). This shows that by exploring and understanding the biochemical pathways of some of these pesticide degrading bacteria might be useful for reducing the pesticide pollution, increases the soil fertility and also bioaccumulation of chemicals in the food chain can be stopped by introducing these bacteria into the respective crop fields.
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